Children's room pollution caused by decoration exp

2022-07-22
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The parents of many babies will be busy with the decoration of their new houses and their babies' rooms. Environmental pollution and the safety of children's rooms are the first issues to be paid attention to and solved. Where is the crux of children's room decoration pollution, and what safety issues should be paid attention to when choosing materials? The reporter interviewed relevant experts

reserved pollution amount for material use

at present, parents have paid attention to the selection of materials when decorating children's rooms, but in fact, it is not certain that the decoration of children's rooms with all environmental protection materials can meet the environmental protection requirements. Why is this? Songguangsheng, director of China Indoor Environmental Monitoring Center, said that this is the problem of reasonable selection of decoration design scheme. As the children's room is generally small, if too many materials are used, it will cause the increase of harmful substances released by materials. Therefore, when determining the home decoration design scheme, attention should be paid to the space carrying capacity, indoor fresh air volume, and reserved pollution advance

reasonably calculate the space bearing capacity of the house. At present, all kinds of decorative materials on the market will release some harmful gases. Even the materials that meet the national limit standard for harmful substances in interior decoration materials will cause the harmful substances in the indoor air to exceed the standard in a certain amount of indoor space. Therefore, it is necessary to consider the bearing capacity of the materials in the housing space in terms of what materials are laid on the ground, whether the wall is painted or pasted with wallpaper, the size of the furniture volume and the selection of materials, and try to use simple decorative materials when decorating the children's room

according to the national indoor air quality standard, the indoor fresh air volume should be no less than 30 cubic meters per person per hour. Indoor fresh air fans and air conditioners with ventilation function should also be installed in children's rooms

reserve pollution advance for indoor purchase of children's furniture and other decorative supplies. Because indoor air pollution is the accumulation of various pollutants in the indoor air, if the indoor harmful substances have been above or below the national standard at the end of the decoration project, then if you buy furniture and other decorative supplies, these items will also release harmful gases, which will cause the indoor pollutants to exceed the standard

choose glass carefully in the decoration of children's room

among the decoration and decoration materials of children's room, glass has the greatest potential safety hazard, because although the state stipulates that safety glass needs to pass the 3C certification to be sold in the market, the sales of glass in the market are mixed, and some fake and inferior glass only meets the tempering requirements in thickness, but the glass process cannot meet the requirements. According to reports, toughened glass that fails to pass the standard is likely to burst, and children are naturally active, and repeated collisions will increase the possibility of glass bursting. Therefore, glass should be used as little or no as possible in children's rooms

in addition, furniture will produce toxic and harmful gases, such as formaldehyde, ammonia, benzene and lead; Carpets, bed blankets and plush toys will cause dust mite pollution; Lead pollution exists in the paint on wooden toys; Plastic toys have excessive volatile substances. Therefore, from the current general children's room decoration, we should also pay attention to the following three types of decorative materials: first, try to use less stone and ceramic tile materials. Such materials should pay attention to their radioactive pollution, especially some natural stones such as granite. The content of radioactive substances is relatively high, which should be strictly controlled, preferably not used. The second is to choose water-based wood paint. Especially the furniture paint in the children's room is the main source of benzene pollution in the indoor air. Choosing water-based materials can fundamentally solve the problem of benzene pollution. Third, strictly control wood-based panel materials. For example, various composite floors, large core boards, veneers and density boards in children's rooms. This is the main source of indoor formaldehyde pollution. On the one hand, the amount of use should be controlled, and on the other hand, formaldehyde should be eliminated during decoration

green construction is particularly important

decoration materials have undergone complete changes in morphology after construction and processing, and the release of harmful substances in decoration materials will inevitably change. What really affects the release of harmful substances is the processing and compounding process of materials. In recent years, the indoor environmental monitoring center has found that the indoor environmental pollution problem of children's room caused by unreasonable construction technology is also relatively prominent. At present, there are two major process problems:

problems in floor pavement. Some families and kindergartens worry that the composite floor is too thin, and it is cool for children to play on it, so they use large core board to pave lining board under the composite floor. Indoor environmental pollution caused by this process is very common. The main reason is that the large core board and other man-made boards paved under the floor contain formaldehyde, which cannot be closed and ventilated, and the use area is relatively large, resulting in indoor formaldehyde pollution that is not easy to remove. For the problems of wall coating, according to the requirements of national specifications, when carrying out the wall coating project, it is necessary to carry out the base treatment. Some construction personnel use the process of painting varnish for base treatment, and add a large amount of diluent during painting, which inadvertently causes serious benzene pollution indoors, and will volatilize indoors for a long time, which is not easy to remove

five countermeasures for children's room pollution

1. The decoration of children's room should be scientific, environmental friendly and pollution-free. In particular, we should pay attention not to lay floors, carpets, ceilings, and use less colored paint and coatings

2. Attention should be paid to the selection of furniture in children's room: select according to national standards; At the same time, it should be noted that the volume of furniture should not exceed 50% of the room; Pay attention to the strict edge sealing and double-sided boards for wood-based panel furniture; Children's clothes should be sealed and packaged when they are placed in new furniture

3. Pay attention to the ventilation of children's room. In order to ensure safe ventilation, it should be installed with

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